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Hydroponic Irrigation

Is hydroponics a type of irrigation?

Irrigation system whereby crop roots receive a balanced nutrient solution dissolved in water with all the chemical elements needed for plant growth, which can grow directly on the mineral solution, or in an inert medium or substrate.

There are different types of hydroponic systems, classified as follows:

Hydroponic systems in liquid medium

These systems have not substrates for crop development, which is produced directly on the water-bearing systems by various plants as:

Deep Flow Hydroponics: DWC.

Floating systems: Floating shelves.

Systems for water depth: NFT.

Hydroponic substrate systems

In these systems We grow using inert substrates irrigated by drip irrigation, subirrigation, or exudation.  The most common substrates are perlite, rockwool, coconut fiber and peat.

Crops benches or grooves.

Growing up in a bag.

Growing in individual containers or channels.

Growing surface (sanded).

Aeroponic systems

Involves growing by systems where the root stay outdoors, in a container that kept it in the dark, where the nutrient solution is applied as an aerosol mist. The use of hydroponic systems is justified in cash crops that require high control of the production process, such as greenhouse cultivation of cucurbits, tomatoes, pepper and strawberry.


Hydroponic systems require to specify a percentage of drainage, especially in hydroponic substrate systems, in order not to salinize the root environment especially for hydroponics saline waters use.

Depending on the use to be given to the drainage system are classified into:

Systems solution lost:

The drain water in these systems is not reused in production under hydroponics. It is normally used to irrigate other low plots under traditional irrigation systems, as they have unused nutrients not usual in hydroponic system.


Provides the root system of a constant humidity level all the time, regardless of weather or crop growth stage time.

Reduce the risks of excessive irrigation, as the root suffocation

Provides better planning and operation of the plantation.

Optimize the cost of water and fertilizers.

Ensures irrigation throughout the root zone.

Significantly reduces the problems of diseases caused by soil pathogens

Increases yields and improved production quality.



Head of automated irrigation and support system of plants.

Pumping equipment.

Containers for Concentrated solutions of nutrients.

Ducting fertigation application.

Irrigation Scheduler.

Receiver of drainage or effluent.


Installation of PVC or PE irrigation and accessories needed. Depending on the type of hydroponic irrigation could have:

Growing Tables.

Culture Sacks

Particular culture systems (dwc, NFT).

Supporting canals cropping system.

Drain pans.

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What is the irrigation method for hydroponics?

In hydroponics, irrigation is the process of delivering water and nutrients to the plants' roots. There are several methods of irrigation commonly used in hydroponics, including:

1.Drip Irrigation: This method involves using a small drip emitter to deliver a controlled amount of water and nutrient solution directly to each plant's root system.

2.Ebb and Flow Irrigation: In this method, a container of nutrient solution is flooded periodically, allowing the plants to absorb the nutrients through their roots. The solution is then drained away, allowing the plants to breathe and preventing root rot.

3.Nutrient Film Technique (NFT): In this method, a thin film of nutrient solution is continuously circulated through a shallow trough, allowing the plants' roots to absorb the nutrients they need.

4.Aeroponics: This method involves suspending the plants' roots in the air and spraying them with a nutrient-rich mist, which is absorbed directly into the root system.

5.Wick Irrigation: This method involves using a wick or capillary to draw nutrient solution from a reservoir and deliver it to the plants' roots.

The choice of irrigation method will depend on the type of plants being grown, the size of the hydroponic system, and other factors such as cost, complexity, and maintenance requirements.

What are 3 disadvantages of hydroponics?

While hydroponics offers many benefits for growing plants, there are also some disadvantages to this method of agriculture. Here are three disadvantages of hydroponics:

1.Initial Cost: Setting up a hydroponic system can be expensive. The cost of materials, equipment, and electricity for lighting, heating, and cooling can be significant. This can be a barrier for people who want to start a hydroponic garden but lack the resources to do so.

2.Technical Complexity: Hydroponic systems require careful management and monitoring of nutrient levels, pH, temperature, and humidity. A failure to maintain the correct conditions can result in reduced crop yields, nutrient deficiencies, and plant diseases. This requires a certain level of technical knowledge and expertise that not all growers may possess.

3.Reliance on Technology: Hydroponic systems are dependent on technology such as pumps, timers, and sensors to maintain the correct conditions for plant growth. A power outage or equipment failure can have a significant impact on crop yields. This dependence on technology can be a disadvantage for growers who prefer more traditional methods of agriculture or who are concerned about the environmental impact of high-tech farming.

Is hydroponics an irrigation system?

Hydroponics is a method of growing plants without soil, in a nutrient-rich water-based solution. While irrigation is an important component of hydroponics, it is not the same thing as hydroponics. Irrigation refers to the process of supplying water to plants or crops, while hydroponics involves growing plants in a soil-free environment where the plants receive all of their nutrients through the water and nutrient solution. So, in short, hydroponics is not an irrigation system, but it does involve the use of irrigation to provide the plants with the necessary water and nutrients.

What are the disadvantages of water hydroponics?

While hydroponics has several advantages over traditional soil-based agriculture, there are also some disadvantages to using this method of growing plants with water. Here are a few of the main disadvantages of water hydroponics:

1.Initial setup costs: Hydroponic systems require a significant investment in equipment and materials, including pumps, grow lights, nutrient solutions, and other specialized equipment. This initial setup cost can be a barrier to entry for many growers.

2.Monitoring and maintenance: Hydroponic systems require careful monitoring and maintenance to ensure the proper balance of water, nutrients, and oxygen. This can be time-consuming and requires a certain level of expertise.

3.Power outages: Because hydroponic systems rely on pumps and other electrical equipment to circulate water and air, power outages can quickly lead to a loss of crops if backup power sources are not available.

4.Disease control: Because plants in hydroponic systems are grown in a closed environment, disease and pest management can be more challenging than in traditional agriculture.

5.Water quality: Hydroponic systems require a consistent supply of clean, pH-balanced water. Poor water quality can lead to nutrient imbalances, root rot, and other problems.

Overall, while hydroponics offers many benefits, it also requires careful attention and management to ensure successful crop growth.

What is the main problem in hydroponics?

One of the main problems in hydroponics is maintaining the appropriate nutrient balance in the nutrient solution. Because plants in hydroponic systems rely entirely on the nutrient solution for their growth and development, it is essential to provide them with the right amount of nutrients and keep the solution pH within a certain range. If the nutrient solution is too diluted or too concentrated, it can affect plant growth and yield. Additionally, if the pH of the nutrient solution is not maintained within the proper range, it can lead to nutrient deficiencies or toxicities. Other challenges in hydroponics can include controlling pests and diseases, preventing algae growth, and maintaining proper temperature and humidity levels.

What are the 6 requirements for hydroponics?

There are several requirements for hydroponics, but the six main ones are:

1.Water: Hydroponics systems require a constant supply of water to provide the plants with the necessary nutrients.

2.Nutrients: Since hydroponic plants don't have access to soil, they rely entirely on nutrient-rich water to grow. The nutrient solution should contain all the necessary minerals and elements that plants need to grow, such as nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, and calcium.

3.Light: Plants require light to photosynthesize and produce energy. In hydroponics, artificial light sources such as LED grow lights are commonly used to provide the necessary light for plant growth.

4.pH: The pH level of the nutrient solution is essential for plant growth. Most plants grow best in a slightly acidic pH range of 5.5 to 6.5.

5.Temperature: Hydroponic plants thrive in a temperature range of 18-28°C (65-82°F). Maintaining a consistent temperature is crucial to ensure optimal plant growth and prevent stress.

6.Oxygen: Plants require oxygen for root respiration. In hydroponics, an air pump is often used to provide oxygen to the nutrient solution, ensuring that the roots remain healthy and oxygenated.

What are the 7 types of hydroponics systems?

There are many types of hydroponic systems, but here are 7 popular types:

1.Deep Water Culture (DWC): This is a simple hydroponic system where plants are suspended in a nutrient solution with their roots submerged in the solution.

2.Nutrient Film Technique (NFT): This system uses a thin film of nutrient solution that continuously flows over the roots of the plants, providing a constant supply of nutrients.

3.Aeroponics: In this system, plants are suspended in the air, and nutrient-rich mist is sprayed directly onto their roots, providing a highly oxygenated environment.

4.Drip Irrigation: In this system, nutrient solution is delivered to the plants through a network of tubes that drip the solution onto the base of the plants.

5.Ebb and Flow: This system uses a tray filled with a growing medium, where the plants are rooted. The tray is periodically flooded with nutrient solution, which then drains away.

6.Wick System: In this system, plants are grown in a container filled with a growing medium, and a wick draws the nutrient solution from a reservoir up to the roots of the plants.

7.Vertical Farming: This is a system where plants are grown vertically on stacked shelves or towers, utilizing space more efficiently while maximizing crop yields.

Do hydroponics need flowing water?

Not all hydroponic systems require flowing water, but some do. In some hydroponic systems, such as deep water culture and static solution culture, the roots of the plants are submerged in a stationary nutrient solution, and there is no flowing water.

However, other hydroponic systems, such as nutrient film technique, aeroponics, and drip irrigation, use flowing water or nutrient solution to provide the plants with the necessary nutrients. In these systems, the nutrient solution is continuously or intermittently pumped over the roots of the plants to provide oxygen, nutrients, and moisture to the plants.

The choice of whether to use a hydroponic system that requires flowing water or not depends on the specific needs of the plants being grown and the preferences of the grower.

How much faster is hydroponics than soil?

Hydroponics can be significantly faster than traditional soil-based farming methods in terms of growth rates and overall crop yields. This is because hydroponic systems allow for precise control of the growing environment, including the nutrients, water, and light that plants receive, which can optimize plant growth and increase yields.

In hydroponic systems, plants are grown in a nutrient-rich water solution instead of soil. The nutrient solution is continuously circulated, providing a consistent and readily available supply of nutrients to the plants. Because the roots of the plants do not have to search for nutrients in soil, they can devote more energy to growing and producing fruit or vegetables.

Additionally, hydroponic systems can be designed to provide ideal growing conditions, such as optimal temperature, humidity, and lighting, which can further speed up plant growth and increase yields.

Overall, hydroponic systems can be up to 25-50% faster than traditional soil-based methods, depending on the specific crops and growing conditions.
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